How to Tell if Your Cat Ate Rat Poison
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How to Tell if Your Cat Ate Rat Poison

Prevention is frequently better than cure. Because most rat poisons when ingested by cats can be surely toxic, it is best to keep rat poisons away from cats. They should be strategically placed outside the reach of your pet cats and children.

Poisoning in Cats

The most frequent patients of veterinarians are cats who accidentally ingested some rat poison. Cats may mistake rat poison pellets for food, or eat a rat that ate the poison. It must be noted that a very minute amount of rat poison, approximately as little as 0.3 to 13 milligrams of poison per pound of the body weight of the cat, can be toxic. Because this occurrence is fairly common, it is every cat owner’s responsibility to know by heart the symptoms of cat dying from rat poison and the emergency treatment options for it.

General Symptoms

The symptoms generally vary depending on the kind of poison ingested by the cat. There are three primary types of rat poison which are Cholecalciferol, anticoagulants and bromethalin. Regardless of the type of rat poison, there are a set of general symptoms exhibited by a cat that has directly or indirectly ingested rat poison.

It often starts with a constant, loud, unusual cry, followed by vomiting, salivating, walking unsteadily, and being uncommonly still or unexplainably restless. The affected cat may have short seizures accompanied by more salivation as it moves around in circles to seemingly avoid pain. The seizures then appear in longer time spans with your cat showing much difficulty breathing and opening its mouth. A fever may be observed, as well as muscle twitching and then paralysis.

 

Cholecalciferol is a rat poison based from vitamin D3, which facilitates calcium absorption in the body that is extremely deadly because it causes crystal formation in the blood vessels, kidneys and lungs, thus immediately causing death. Toxic dose is 1 to 4 milligrams per pound of body weight. Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, seizures, and eventually heart and kidney failure. If caught in time, the veterinarian can still decrease the calcium levels in the cat's body and may be able to save the cat’s life.

Anticoagulant

Anticoagulants reduce the production of Vitamin K, which is an important blood clotting factor in the body. Ingestion of this type of poison often lead to bleeding internally and externally, eventually leading to massive hemmorhage and death. Toxic dose is 2.25 to 13 milligrams per pound of body weight. There will be presence of bleeding in the cat’s gums, nose, urine, feces, and vomit. Other symptoms are weakness, difficulty breathing and lethargy. The trend is that once the symptoms start to appear, it may be too late to ask for cure.

Bromethaline

Bromethalin works by affecting the permeability of the cell membranes often resulting in cell swelling and function loss especially in the central nervous system. Toxic dose is about 0.3 milligram per pound of body weight. Common symptoms are loss of appetite, hind limbs paralysis, tremors, seizures, and respiratory difficulty. Death is almost always apparent. If rescued in time, emptying of the cat’s digestive tract may be done.

Prevention is frequently better than cure. Because most rat poisons when ingested by cats can be surely toxic, it is best to keep rat poisons away from cats. They should be strategically placed outside the reach of your pet cats and children.

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